Senin, 15 Juni 2015

Spatial and Layout Laboratory


Users should understand the layout of the laboratory or laboratory building layout. The construction of a laboratory entrusted not just to a building architecture. Laboratory building is not the same as the classroom building. Many factors must be considered before building a laboratory. These factors include the location and size of the laboratory building-sized living room.
The requirements of the construction site laboratories, among others, does not lie in the direction of the wind toward another building or settlement. This is intended to avoid the spread of harmful gases. Laboratory building is not adjacent to or built in the location of water sources. Laboratory building do not get too close to other buildings. The location should be easily accessible laboratory to control and facilitate other measures for instance in case of fire, car fire must be able to reach the laboratory building.
In addition to the requirements of the location, it should be noted also the layout of the room. The room laboratory for science learning generally consists of the main room and the halls complementary. The main room is the room where the students or students doing practical work. Complementary space generally consists of preparation space and storage space. Preparation room used to prepare the tools and materials that will be used practicum or trial both for students and for teachers.
Laboratory must be arranged such that it can function properly. Perfect spatial, should start planning the building until the construction work.
General requirements of laboratory locations with existing school buildings as follows:

1. The direction of the wind must be regulated to avoid air pollution. Gas residual chemical reactions that dreadful so as not to wind into the room, therefore, for better storey laboratory building located at the upper level, terutam laboratoriumkimia.
2. The distance is quite far from water sources to avoid contamination of water sources, other buildings, get an optimal ventilation and lighting. The distance at least equal to the height of the building terdekan, or approximately 3 meters.
3. Channel created its own waste disposal to avoid environmental contamination.
4. In the tropics better stretching from east to west in accordance with lintasn circle of the sun.
5. Easily controlled in the complex.

 In the laboratory there are also rooms that are supporting space science activities. These rooms consist of:

1. Space lab / learning
Spacious room with a customized learning persiswa ratio 2 m2-2,5 m2. For example spacious room for 40 students studying 80 m2-100 m2.

2. Space preparations
The spacious rooms at least 20 m2, is used by the teacher or the laboratory to prepare the tools and materials to be used before the activity begins, thus not interfere with the activities carried out in the other room.

3. Storage space (Warehouse)
Warehouse area of ​​about 20 m2 is used for storing tools or materials that have a locked door. Tools and materials are often used are stored in the preparation room or laboratory space in order to easily search and retrieve. Storage should separately, otherwise the tool will easily corroded and damaged. Besides, the storage of hazardous substances are also separated from the other materials.Laboratory is the place to do experiments and research that can be conducted in a closed room, room, or open space. For example the garden, as a place to carry out chemical education. Supplies needed are:

1. furnishings such as tables, chairs students and teachers, bookcase, tools, materials, and shelves.
2. Props education is divided into:
a. Instruments, such as the power supply.
b. Tools of glass such as measuring cups, erlenmeyer, and beakers.
c. Carta or the wall like a picture periodic nature, periodic system, the shape of the molecule, and the distillation of petroleum.
d. Atomic model.
e. Chemicals are solid, cait, and gas.
f. Films, including slides, strip and regular movie.
3. The tools are the tools necessary indirectly to learning such as screwdrivers, pliers, knife, pliers saws, files, scissors, glass cutting, punching cork, and so forth.
4. P3K box and its contents.
5. Fire extinguishers.
6. Tools for cleaning such as brooms, cloth, trash, and so forth.
7. The set of books: catalogs, books relevant chemical, manual unyuk student work, laboratory guides, books enrichment, and others.


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